Associazione Nazionale Medici Cardiologi Ospedalieri

CONGRESS ABSTRACT

CONGRESS ABSTRACT

Development of a Hub-Spoke Network for Transcathter Aortic Valve Implantation: the Interventional Cardiology Unit of IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital (OSR Hub-Spoke)

Federico Francesco Joannes Milano(MI) – Unità Operativa di Cardiologia Interventistica, IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele | Zanda Greca Milano(MI) – Unità Operativa di Cardiologia Interventistica, IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele | Ferri Luca Angelo Milano(MI) – Unità Operativa di Cardiologia Interventistica, IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele

BACKGROUND

The growing prevalence of aortic stenosis determined in recent years an increase in candidates for percutaneous aortic valve replacement (TAVI), bringing out a difficult access to this procedure. In order to reduce waiting lists and to guarantee the training of the Interventional Cardiologists of Centers not equipped with on-site cardiac surgery, we implemented a TAVI protocol with one Hub center, the Interventional Cardiology Unit of IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, and two participating Spoke Centers: the ASST-Franciacorta Chiari Center and Valduce Hospital, Como.The aim of this study is to report in hospital outcomes of patients treated using this model of Hub-Spoke Network.

METHODS

Patients included in this model were selected in the Spoke center where baseline clinical evaluation with echocardiography and CT scan were performed (inclusion and exclusion criteria attached). The cases were then discussed with a multidisciplinary team on-line and the procedure planned (access, valve type size). Once the procedure was scheduled, the patients underwent a single day transport to the Hub Center where they underwent TAVI and a same day return to the Spoke Center. A bailout hospitalization in the Hub Center was available in case of major complication. All Spoke Centers patients who underwent TAVI procedures in our Center according to our protocol were included in this analysis. The primary study objective was in hospital major adverse cardiac events (all cause or cardiovascular mortality, stroke, myocardial infarction); secondary study objectives were technical success, prolonged recovery in Hub Center and major vascular complications.

RESULTS

Since 2019, a total of 69 patients underwent TAVI with the Hub and Spoke model. Mean age was 83 years ± 6 and mean ejection fraction was 59% ± 7%. Two patients (2.9%) had a prolonged hospitalization in the Hub center for a major vascular complication and an intra-procedural cardiac arrest, successfully resuscitated. Technical success was reached in 97.1% of patients. One patient experimented an ischemic stroke after the return in the spoke center: in hospital MACE was than 1.4%.

CONCLUSION

Considering the growing prevalence of aortic stenosis, The Hub Spoke Model for TAVI guarantees reduction in waiting lists, ‘access to care’ for patients referred to Spoke centers, involvement and improvement of skills of their Interventional Cardiologists, keeping a high level of safety and efficacy.