Associazione Nazionale Medici Cardiologi Ospedalieri




Stracqualursi Marco Milano(Milano) – Università degli studi di Milano; Ospedale San Paolo | Nemola Giulia Milano(Milano) – Università degli studi di Milano; Ospedale San Paolo | Moscardelli Silvia Milano(Milano) – Università degli studi di Milano; Ospedale San Paolo

Background: Scientific literature reinforces the role of diastolic dysfunction in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) as an independent prognostic indicator of all-cause mortality. In this context, E/e’ ratio plays a central role in diastolic dysfunction assessments and diagnosis. Despite the introduction of several novel medical therapies for HFrEF that led to improvement in mortality and HF hospitalization, the effect of the combined treatment with Sacubitril/Valsartan (SV) and Sodium Glucose Transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) on E/e’ ratio has not been addressed yet.

Aim: We aimed to evaluate the effect of SV alone vs SV+SGLT2i on E/e’ ratio in a real-life population of HFrEF outpatients.

Methods: This is an observational monocentric study including patients treated with either SV alone or with SV+SGLT2i from 2018 to 2023. E/e’ ratio was measured at baseline, at 6 and 12 months.

Results: 178 HFrEF patients (mean age 69 years±11, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) 31±6%) in optimal medical therapy were enrolled. 121 of them received SV and 58 received SV+SGLT2i. Baseline E/e’ ratio was similar in the two groups (median value 11,2 [IQR 8;16] in SV group and 10,9 [IQR 8;16] in SV+SGLT2i group, p=0.45). At follow up, only SV+SGLT2i group showed a significative decrease in E/e’ ratio after therapy initiation while SV group showed a E/e’ ratio similar to baseline (E/e’ ratio median value 8,5 [IQR 7;12] vs 11,8 [IQR 8;15] respectively, p=0.035).

Moreover, after 12 months most patients receiving SV+SGLT2i didn ‘t required diuretic administration compared to those treated with only SV (43% vs 16% respectively; p=0,0002).

Conclusions: Among patients with HFrEF, treatment with SGLT2i+SV was associated with a significative reduction of E/e’ ratio and of diuretic administration. This result might suggest a favorable independent effect of SGLT2i on diastolic function and myocytes relaxation and might provide new evidence on the positive results observed on hard endpoints.